Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy (CBT)
Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy (CBT) explores the interaction between one’s thoughts, emotions and behaviors and is considered an empirically supported psychotherapeutic method. The “cognitive model,” is used as a framework to understand how one’s maladaptive cognitive and behavioral patterns are impacting one’s overall functioning. Therapists implement cognitive and behavioral techniques to facilitate change based on an individual’s presenting problems. Research suggests that modified CBT can be used with children and adolescents on the autism spectrum and is an effective treatment for anxiety disorders as well as daily living and social skills development (Attwood, 2004; Wood, Drahota, Sze, Har, Chiu, & Langer, 2009; White, Albano, Johnson, Kasari, Ollendick, Klin, Oswald, & Scahill, 2010; Drahota, Wood, Sze, & Van Dyke, 2011; Reaven, Blakeley-Smith, Culhane-Shelburne, & Hepburn, 2012; Sukhodolsky, Bloch, Panza, & Reichow 2013; Wood et al., 2015).